March 01, 2020
By: Waseem Akhtar
It is observed there is a trend around the globe that top diplomats are appointed on the bases of domestic politics and loyalties. It is likely that if a state wrongly evaluates the objectives and powers of other state and sets her objectives which she has not the power to attain may face serious risks and even face risks of war. Diplomacy is an art of negotiations and an instrument to implement the foreign policy in the light of national interest. Usually carried out by the professional diplomats on the behalf of the states to whom they represent on international, regional, multilateral or bilateral forums. Hans J. Morgenthau describes four tasks of diplomacy; it must determine its objectives by considering state’s actual power and must assess the objective of other nations and their actual power. Diplomacy must determine how these different objectives are compatible with each other and what suitable to the pursuit of its objectives.
As Richelieu said the basic task of diplomacy is to keep talking, a continuous dialogue. Even if the parties are in armed conflict sometimes keep negotiations continue is considers the success of diplomacy. The best diplomacy is, to reach a clear, written agreement that all the parties and stakeholders all are agreed or compromise with at least some points if not all. Every party should be in little or more give and take satiations, no party should be left in the total loss. When an agreement is reached then it should be maintained even other relations are going inadequately, it is all about immeasurable patience and keeps maintaining a balance. Failure of diplomacy is that as discussed things should be on the table and keep talking if all the channels of dialog and negotiations are stopped then it is considered the failure of diplomacy. If the negotiations are failed again and again on some specific points, go back again and again to discuss these issues, share greater information and clarify root causes of those issues. The success of diplomacy can be short term, medium term or long term but through the continuous dialogue and negotiations. Cases in point for the continuous dialogue for the success of diplomacy can be seen in Iran nuclear deal with the global powers, The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), European Union (EU), and Shanghai Cooperation. Almost all the long-term wars are results of the failure of diplomacy. The slow process of negations, unnecessary delay in making peace, ignoring international ethics, morality, legitimacy and basic human rights will be conceder’s failure of diplomacy.
In this world of ideas, theologies, races, the people of the world are different to each other. While a person having a beautiful blend of mediation, consultation, is called a Diplomat. In this way, a diplomat may take certain steps for maintaining the ties towards other states. In this scenario, we may take an example of 1980’s Reagan, was a much-known diplomat. He uses to take interest in the states’ matters as most of the mass praise him. Diplomacy is a field of business a far that earn the equal training and persistence of consideration that men give to other known profession. As far as the characteristics of a diplomat are the concern the diplomat has been intelligent by born. But there are many traits that may be refined with the passage of time, experience, and the important information that can only attain with the uninterrupted function to the theme. There are some frequent individualities of diplomats that may be categorized as the initiation of any assignment with full planning, strategies, and scheduling, have enough knowledge of grammar, languages and as well as a practical approach towards any issue. A diplomat has also a quality to sort any problem, deal with sensitive matters. Here is a brief look at the different centuries about the diplomats: in the 19th century, the expert links or corner has been developed but not in proper shape. Regulations have been designed but not formed exactly. While in the 20th century the above-mentioned development goes to its real form and it grows as it can. As far as the duties of a diplomat are concern, they took to participate in states’ affairs as they can. They may also take apart in the decision making of state. They also are being aware of the states’ matters and the international scenario too, and to deal with the matters of a state to other states.
Diplomacy in Action In our age diplomacy is much more border than the traditional diplomacy, that’s mean state of state diplomacy through the professional diplomats and permanent representatives. Today emerging non-state actors of diplomacy such as international organizations, NGOs, business diplomacy, multinational corporations, ethnic groups, terrorist groups, and pressure groups these all are involved in diplomacy. As Alan K. Henrikson explains five projections about the future of diplomacy as First, the disintermediation according to that private sector will dominate the existing diplomatic structure. Second, Europeanization that focuses on institutions which will lead to supernational diplomacy. Third, Democratization that means democratic equitable geographical distributions for all sovereign states in the global structure. Fourth, Thematization, that focuses on events like 9/11, Turkish President Erdogan policies after failed cope. Fifth, Americanization that demanding diplomas should lobbyists and advocates of their policies and interests.
Waseem Akhtar is a researcher and editor at The World Politics. His research focuses on cyberpolitics, international governance, emerging technologies, and global security.